What Does It Mean if a Judge Says Sustained

Title: What Does It Mean if a Judge Says “Sustained”?


In a courtroom setting, legal terminologies and procedures can often be confusing for those unfamiliar with the legal system. One such term frequently heard during legal proceedings is “sustained.” Understanding the meaning behind this word is crucial for comprehending the judge’s decision and the overall progress of a case. In this article, we will explore what it means when a judge says “sustained” and address some frequently asked questions related to this term.

Defining “Sustained”:

When a judge says “sustained” during a trial or hearing, it signifies that an objection raised one of the parties has been accepted. In other words, the judge agrees with the objection and rules in favor of the objecting party. Consequently, the objectioned evidence or testimony will not be admitted, considered, or allowed to proceed.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. What are the common reasons for objections in a courtroom?
Objections may be raised for various reasons, including hearsay, relevance, leading questions, speculation, improper questioning, improper evidence, and more. Objections ensure that the legal proceedings are fair and adhere to the rules of evidence.

2. Can the opposing counsel respond to a sustained objection?
If a judge sustains an objection, it means that the opposing counsel’s question or statement is no longer valid. The opposing counsel cannot respond to questions or arguments that are based on the sustained objection.

3. What happens after a judge sustains an objection?
When a judge sustains an objection, the court typically instructs the jury to disregard the objectioned statement or evidence. The jury is expected to disregard the information when reaching a verdict.

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4. Can a judge overrule a sustained objection?
In some instances, a judge may overrule a sustained objection. This occurs when the judge reconsiders their decision due to new information or a better understanding of the situation. However, it is relatively rare for a judge to overrule a sustained objection.

5. When is it appropriate for an attorney to raise an objection?
Attorneys can raise objections when they believe that the opposing counsel’s question or statement violates courtroom rules or legal principles. It is essential for attorneys to have a solid understanding of the rules of evidence to raise valid objections.

6. What does it mean if a judge says “overruled” instead of “sustained”?
When a judge says “overruled,” it means that they disagree with the objection raised the opposing counsel. Consequently, the evidence or testimony in question will be admitted or allowed to proceed.

7. Can an objection be raised after the judge has ruled on a similar objection?
Yes, an objection may be raised again if the circumstances are different, or if new evidence or information comes to light. However, attorneys should exercise caution and provide valid reasons for re-raising the objection.


Understanding the meaning of “sustained” is crucial for both legal professionals and those involved in legal proceedings. When a judge says “sustained,” it indicates that an objection has been accepted, and the evidence or testimony in question will not be admitted or considered. It is important for attorneys to have a solid understanding of the rules of evidence to raise valid objections, and for all parties involved to respect the judge’s ruling. By familiarizing ourselves with legal terminologies, we can better grasp the intricacies of the legal system and ensure a fair and just trial.

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